What’s the harm in feeding the poor?
What’s the harm in regularly giving people money, with no strings attached?
Taking resources for granted
Was oxygen ever so scarce for you that you’ve had to conserve it, else you suffocate? Even though oxygen is a limited resource, our ready access to it means we don’t treat oxygen as if it is a limited resource. We not only consume as much of it as we want, we even indulge in escalating our consumption of it, such as when we participate in any form of physical exercise.
If a man had free access to money or food on a regular basis, it will no longer be a blessing, but an expectation. That means he becomes dependent on it, and perceives it to be a resource that he does not consider to be scarce. Have you ever had to work hard to receive your regular exposure to sunlight? Much as we take for granted that the sun will rise everyday to give us our daily dose of sunlight, if we get used to ‘free’ anything, be it food or money, we will start to take it for granted. Which means we will treasure ‘free’ resources less and not spend it as frugally.
The resources which supply welfare isn’t unlimited. Someone had to grow the food, and people have to work to produce and distribute goods and services.
Printing money does not create wealth
But what about money? Why can’t we just print more money and make everyone a little bit richer?
The problem is, money is just a medium of exchange. It is not a resource in itself, so producing more money does not produce more food or goods.
Let’s illustrate what this means: say you have a tiny economy that produces 100 bushels of food a year. In circulation in this tiny economy is exactly 100 silver coins. The people in this economy use these 100 coins to trade for the food each person produces, such that each coin buys exactly one bushel. So you can see that increasing the number of coins in circulation does not increase the number of bushels available to buy.
What happens if someone decides to create 100 additional coins for himself? With a total of 200 coins in circulation, this person will initially own 50% of all the coins, which makes this person able to buy 50% of all the goods available. But the number of bushels available to buy hasn’t changed, it is still 100 bushels. Now that 200 coins correspond to 100 bushels of food, someone who was once able to buy 10 bushels of food for his family with 10 coins, is now only able to buy 5 bushels of food, thanks to the money creation.
This person doesn’t create more wealth for himself, but by devaluing the coins that the others have, he actually steals the resources that other people have produced. This is the effect of printing money, a practice that many modern governments engage in, under the guise of “quantitative easing”. Sure, those who had more will have more taken away, but those who have little will have even less remaining.
Where does free food and money come from?
Coming back to giving people food and money for free. Since food and goods have to be produced through effort, the only way you can receive them for free is if somebody else sacrifices their payment for it. This is easy to accommodate if we are producing in surplus, but it is not safe to assume that production will always be in surplus. If a government creates more money than what is already in circulation, all it is doing is robbing from those who have, hitting the poor the hardest, adding to the numbers of those in poverty. To feed the new ones in poverty, the government can create more money, but the cycle then repeats, eventually creating a whole nation of poverty. This was the phenomenon of runaway inflation that plagued Zimbabwe and the Soviet nations.
But surely just as there will always be poor people, there will always be rich people? Not necessarily. The rich and poor aren’t two homogenous groups. People exist on a continuous spectrum of wealth, and individuals travel up and down it throughout their life. When government prints money to spend, all they achieve is to pull EVERYONE down. If they keep printing money, eventually even the wealthiest will be pulled down. By that point, everyone will be so poor that the resentment toward the few remaining wealthy will be overwhelming. It won’t take much for the remaining wealthy to be brought down by the force of mob rule – where will all the wealth come from then?
Modern methods of taxation are designed to ameliorate this. By taxing a proportion of people’s income and consumption, we mitigate the effect of reducing everyone’s wealth. But taxation has its limits: taxation will reduce a person’s income. So if a person’s income potential is so low they earn less than welfare payments, it makes little sense for them to be in paid work. The higher the levels of tax, the worse the problem gets. Likewise with the levels of welfare payments. This means that increasing tax beyond a certain level will actually reduce the overall tax take for the government.
Government does not have unlimited resources
All this is to say that government spending is not without limits – government can neither increase tax nor print money indefinitely. Which means the government has to choose to prioritise how it spends its budget.
In the UK, the two biggest spends for the government is 1) its national healthcare service, and 2) social welfare provision. With limited resources, increasing spending on one of these necessarily means reducing spending on the other. Yet socialists are perpetually calling for ever higher increases for spending on both the NHS and on social welfare benefits.
Sure, doing this bit by bit won’t immediately destroy your country – you’ll get away with raising tax a little bit, or printing a little bit of money every now and then. But every little bit adds up – when the movement is gradual, you don’t notice it happening.
Printing a little bit of money will not immediately cause massive inflation, but over time the cumulative effects of printing money means everybody’s spending power is gradually eroded: savings lose their value, those on low incomes will have even lower incomes.
In the same way raising tax a little bit might temporarily increase the tax take, until those who are just about managing to balance their bills find themselves with even less spending money, putting them below the breadline. This also applies to corporation tax: corporation tax is identical to income tax, except the income is a business’ profits. Businesses already struggling to break even will be driven to shut down.
As a socialist, you may think that your demand for increased spending won’t be enough to tip the whole edifice over, but how will you recognise the straw that breaks the camel’s back?
The push to spend more, to print more money, is precisely what leads to mass poverty. This has been the experience of every nation in human history which chose to indulge in socialist ideals.
Why shouldn’t we feed the poor?
Shouldn’t we feed the poor and hungry? But of course we should!
Unfortunately, any welfare system will create dependents, meaning it becomes unethical to reduce spending on welfare. Which means that the social welfare bill will only keep going up. At some point, somebody will need to say “no more”. Unfortunately, socialist ideologues will jump at this opportunity to condemn the ones who are brave enough to call for a stop to overspending.
The only way out of this trap is to not rely on government spending to feed the poor. Feed the poor yourself, out of your own surplus. Contribute to food banks, give the homeless a meal and a sheltered place to rest, and do your own part. Don’t rely on government spending to do it.
Have you heard of the saying “give a man a fish, you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, you feed him for life”?
In conclusion: If you want to feed the poor, do it yourself. And if you can’t keep it up indefinitely, then we should teach a man to fish, thus feeding him for life.